so many knots you need to learn to tie several knots that you have confidence
in and can tie with confidence that you tie it correctly every time. The weakest
link between the fish and you is the knot. So take the time to practice, practice,
practice long before you get to your favorite fishing hole.
the following knots are by any means all the fishing knots for you to use when
fishing, these are the most popular. Again, practice before you get on the water
will ensure that you will make a strong and secure knot every time. You just never
know when you might hook into the trophy of a lifetime! You certainly don't want
your knot to fail.
The Loop Knot can be tied readily in the dark, and equally readily attached
to swivel and hook. If fishing for flathead, you may have more confidence in your
gear if the loop to the hook is made about 12.5cm long, thus taking the fish on
a doubled trace.
is gained, you may wish to move on from the Loop Knot to knots that lie closer
to hook and swivel.
these is the Half Blood Knot, which is more correctly half of the Barrel Knot.
THIS KNOT WILL SLIP. It has cost me more fish than I want to remember.
must use it, then you have two choices:
a) Stop the end of the line with a simple Overhand Knot, and draw it against the
turns of the knot.
make the Half Blood Knot into a Clinch Knot.
The Palomar Knot is another very simple knot for terminal tackle. It is regarded
by the International Game Fish Association consistently as the strongest knot
known. It's great virtue is that it can safely be tied at night with a minimum
about 12.5cm of line, and pass through the eye.
a simple Overhand Knot in the doubled line, letting the hook hang loose. Avoide
twisting the lines.
the end of loop down, passing it completely over the hook.
There are at least 6 variations of the Hangman's Knot, - all of them excellent
for terminal tackle, swivels and hooks. The "standard" Hangman's Knot holds only
five turns when tied in monofilament nylon. If tied in rope, and used for its
stated purpose, it takes eight turns.
a 15cm loop of line through the eye.
the end back on itself, passing it under the doubled part.
five loops over the doubled part.
formed knot is worked into shape.
knot is sent down the line, against the eye of the hook or swivel.
This is a much simpler variant. In all likelihood, this Grant's Uni-Knot. I have
used it for more than fifty years and it has never failed me, whether tied in
1kg or 50kg monofilament. It was taught to me by the late Wally Kerr, a top flathead
a 15cm loop of line through the eye.
the upper part between thumb and forefinger, making a loop.
two more loops over the double part, holding them too, between thumb and forefinger.
end through the two loops just made, plus the first loop made in step2.
The formed knot
can now be drawn into shape, and worked down against the eye of the hook or swivel.
One small problem is the variety of names that mey be applied to the one knot,
for examle, a Granny is a False Knot, a Clove Hitch is a Waterman's Knot, an Overhand
Knot is a Thumb Knot. But when we come to snelling a hook, the length of nylon
attached to the hook may be a snell or a snood.
I now find that the actual job of tying the snood may be called snoozing, while
snelling is often jealously thought of as an art restricted to the fly fisherman.
I have fished with bottom-fisherman on the Great Barrier Reef who routinely snell
Restricted to lines of breaking strength less than about 20kg, the process is
a simple one.
the end of the line, trace or tippet through the eye twice, leaving a loop hanging
below the hook.
both lines along the shank of the hook.
the loop to wind tight coils around the shank and both lines, from the eye upwards.
Use from 5 to 10 turns.
the fingers to hold these tight coils in place. Pull the line (extending from
the eye) until the whole loop has passed under these tight coils.
coils drawn up, use pliers to pull up the end of the line.
There are two
top grade knots used to join one line to another, where these are approximately
of the same thickness. These are the Blood Knot and the Hangman's Knot - also
called the Uni Knot by the International Game Fish Association.
Where there diameters are very dissimilar, either the Surgeon's Knot should be
used, or the thinner line should be doubled where the knot is formed.
the ends of the two lines against each other, overlapping about 15cm.
Take 5 turns around
one line with the end of the other, and bring the end back where it's held between
the two lines.
by taking 5 turns around the other line, bringing the end back between the two
lines. These two ends should then project in opposite directions.
the knot up into loops, taking care that the two ends do not slip out of position.
Earlier mention was made that if the two lines to be joined vary greatly in their
diameters, the lesser line may be doubled at the knot, or the Surgeon's Knot may
be used. In the latter case, it will probably be necessary to have one of the
lines rolled on a spool, or perhaps wrapped on a temporary card, so that it may
be passed through the loop.
the two lines against each other, overlapping about 22.5 cm.
the two lines as one, tie an Overhand Knot. It will be necessary to pull one line
(say the leader) completely through this loop.
The offshore fisherman often have a need to tie a double line - a long loop of
line that is obviously stronger, and easier to handle, than the line itself. In
accordance with International Game Fish Association Rules, the double line may
be up to 4.5m long in lines up to 10kg, and as much as 9m in heavier lines.
The double may be tied by means of the simple Spider Hitch with lines to 15kg.
The big game boys use the Bimini Twist, a double that is normally formed by two
people who make the intitial twenty twists. The Bimini is obviously beyond the
scope of this little book. It's smaller brother, the Spider Hitch, is a much faster
and easier knot for the light tackle fisherman.
a loop of the desired length, say 1.25m.
a section into a small loop.
is the only tricky part - hold this loop with thumb and forefinger, the thumb
extending above the finger, and with the loop standing up beyond the tip of the
the doubled line around the thumb and the loop 5 times.
the rest of the long loop through the small loop, and pull gently to unwind the
turns off the thumb.
knot is now formed and worked into tight coils.
Usually employed by the fly fisherman, the Tucked Sheet Bend is commonly used
for joining the backing line to the tapered line. It is not an especially compact
knot, but has a very strong attachment which cannot be said for the more aesthetically
pleasing Perfection Loop.
a Blood Bight (see above) at the end of the backing line.
the end of the tapered line. Pass it through the Blood Bight and make a simple
pass the end of the tapered line back through the closed loop of the Sheet Bend.
ends of the tapered line to tighten and draw into shape.
The float fisherman uses a running float for casting and general handiness, and
stops the float from running up the line by using the Float Stop. It has the advantage
that the stops moves readily over the rod guides, but grips the monofilament nylon
so tightly that it will not slide over the line.
It should be made with about 12.5cm of nylon, usually the same diameter as the
2 turns (3 if necessary) around the main line at the chosen point.
both ends around to form a Surgeon's Knot (see above).
into shape bringing the coils close together.
document is Chapter 1 of "Grant's Guide - Fishing Knots & Rigs"
by Ern Grant, and is available from Herron Publications Pty Ltd, Fortitude Valley,
Queensland. Ph: (07) 3257 1711 Fax: (07) 3257 1686